CRAPS: What are Craps? Craps Table Layout, and How Craps Work

Craps is one of the most popular casino table games for years now.

Craps originally came from Krabs.

Craps is somewhat similar to the gambling game played in European countries named Hasard/Hazard.

It is a fun game to play every once in a while if you know how to play craps and how the game works.

So, without further ado, let’s read about what are craps, the craps table layout structure, and how craps work.

What are Craps?

Craps is a game of dice that involves players betting on the outcome of the roll of two dice/a pair of dice.

Craps involve betting with money/cash which is known as Street Craps or betting against bank accounts known as Casino Craps.

Street craps are usually casual and can be played anywhere while casino craps are played in a casino setting.

Craps has been one of the most popular casino table games throughout history.

Is Craps a game of dice?

Yes, Craps is a game of dice.

While the players play craps, they use certain slang/lingo to place certain bets and actions.

Is Craps a game of skill or a game of chance?

Craps is a game of chance as the outcome of the game is totally random and based on luck, not really on skill.

Why do people love Craps?

People love craps because it is a fast-paced game that can offer plenty of excitement. 

The game of craps is also relatively easy to learn, and it has a variety of betting options that allow players to customize their playing experience. 

It is also a social game, as it can be played in casinos with friends, or even in the comfort of your own home. 

The house edge is also relatively low compared to other casino games, which means that players have a better chance of winning.

Craps Table Layout Structure

Since Craps is also a casino table game, and as we discussed that casinos usually use casino chips bought from the casino cage.

And these casino chips are used on the Craps Layout for betting.

A craps table has been a difficult mystery for people who don’t know about the game and are just looking from the outside.

It can be scary for people like them to even think about diving into the game. So, Let’s read about the craps table layout.

 The craps table is covered in felt that is printed with a diagram showing the spaces for the types of bets. There is a center section where Hardways and One Roll bets can be placed. The ends of the table each have sections for the Pass Line, Come, Place, Field, and other bets. The ends of the table are mirror images of each other.

Usually, the felt layout is green with white lettering, but sometimes casinos use other colors. And the size craps table is usually 4 feet wide and 12 feet long made with heavy wood and it also consists of a padded leather arm rail for the players.

The craps table layout is a printed layout showing the numbers and spaces to place different bets on, with the core being the place where one-roll bets are placed. You’ll see that each craps table section has Pass Line, Place, Come, Field, and other types of bets.

Both ends of the craps table are a mirror image of each other.

A Craps Layout is a surface fabric that displays the various bets, in a bathtub-like structure.

On one side is the casino table bank with casino chips in stacks of 20 while on the other side is a long mirror. 

The U-shaped table has duplicate layouts and a standing space of about eight to ten players.

At the core of the craps table layout, there are additional bets used by the players from both sides of the table. 

Now, talking about the casino employees that help with the smooth functioning of the game, there are basically four casino employees assigned to one craps table, namely

  1. A Boxman, being the only employee that’s seated, is the one who manages the casino chips, tokens, and checks and manages the dealings of the players.
  2. Two Base Dealers, standing on both sides of the Boxman help the players in collecting and paying the bets at every round of the game.
  3. A Stickman is the one who stands across the boxman, and he directs the base dealers on taking bets and paying off the bets at the center of the table and helps with announcing the winners of each round at the game and moves the dice around using a wooden stick.

And these employees always look for each other in terms of mistakes or errors while the bets are going on and the results.

How Does Craps Work?

Craps is not an easy casino table game to understand, and it usually puts people off when it comes to trying out the game without the knowledge of how the game of Craps works.

First and foremost, you need to know that the bets placed at the core of a craps table are made to favor the house to the most extent.

While the most favorable bets for the players are the free odds section and the pass line section.

The Two Base dealers standing at either side of the table manage the bets placed on either side. Since both sides are a mirror image of each other, it does not matter if a player chooses either one of them to put their bets on while the core section of the craps table betting is dealt with by the Stickman.

The players can only place on one side of the craps table layout if they so chose to put their bets on the pass line or the free odds section.

Talking about how the game of craps works, first the players decide which section they will be putting their bets on by placing their chips/tokens on the desired section on the layout, followed by rolling a pair of dice on the table. The player who throws the pair of dice on the board is known as the Shooter.

When a round starts, it usually has two parts, that is, Come Out and Point, where the player makes the come out rolls and shoots the pair of dice in a way that hits the farther back wall.

If only one dice hits the wall, the shot is considered to be invalid.

If the result of the come-out roll is 2, 3, or 12, it is called crapping out, and/or craps and the shooter keeps rolling the dice until they roll a seven. A come-out roll of seven or eleven suggests that the pass line wins and the don’t pass loses. 

If the come-out rolls are 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, and 10; these numbers on come-out roll, it establishes a point to pass or to win before rolling a seven.

When another round is due to start, the base dealer flips a button on the ON side of the craps table, and the next round begins in a similar fashion as the first round.

Players can place their bets until a point has been established.


Craps has been one of the classic casino table games of all time and it will always be a classic.

Knowing how it works and how to play can help you bet responsibly and intellectually. And when you realize the workings of the game of craps, it becomes more fun and engaging.

sarah manning
Sarah Manning

Sarah Manning, a luminary in professional poker, boasts a decorated career spanning over a decade. Renowned for her strategic acumen and numerous championship titles, Sarah not only dominates the tables but also mentors aspiring players. Her mentorship extends beyond coaching, delving into strategic analyses shared in poker publications. Sarah's passion lies in unlocking the intricacies of the game, dissecting its dynamics, and shaping the next generation of poker enthusiasts.

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